We’re on to PART 4! This is the longest series of blog posts I’ve ever done. Evidently, there is a lot more to talk about! These are just the highlights of a much bigger picture.
Let’s do a quick recap
The flaws of the calorie centric view:
- Humans are not perfect machines (cannot apply the concept of calories in/calories out). Equations are pretty much useless. Just use it as a GUIDE. Your life does not depend on it!
- It goes against the Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Calorie counting does not take into account the quality of foods and its metabolic effects on hunger, appetite, energy usage/storage, satiety etc
- Many factors affect metabolism – environment, genetics etc
- It is possible to increase fatness on a reduced calorie diet (on high GI foods)  SURPRISE SURPRISE!
- Quality of diet can affect/induce anabolism (fat storage)
Quick links to Part 1, 2 and 3!
A calorie focussed mind would lookout for foods that are low/-er in calories. Since FAT is calorie dense, it immediately gets a bad rep. Low fat foods are usually high in refined carbs/starches. That’s because most times, when you take something out, you need to fill it with something else!
Even if they are not “empty calories”
per se (containing vitamins, minerals, fibre, antioxidants etc), these foods that are high in processed, artificial refined carbs/starches are DETRIMENTAL
to health, causing harm to the body and metabolic dysfunction [2
What to eat?
NUTRITION over CALORIES
Low refined sugar/carbs/starches
If you are going to eat carbs, go for WHOLE minimally processed ones. Starchy vege (sweet potatoes, potatoes, taro, pumpkin, squash etc) and fruits are great options. When going for rice/pasta/bread, think brown/red/wild/black. These are more nutrient dense. Refined options have been stripped of their vitamins, minerals and fibre. You’re basically just eating sugar.
The only bad fat here is highly processed trans fat. Go for fats found naturally in olive oil, avocado, nuts, seeds, dairy products, real butter, fat from meat and fish. These are all high in a good combination of mono- and polyunsaturated fats.
Meat, fish, eggs and dairy products (milk, cheese, yoghurt).
How much of each macronutrient (carbs, protein, fat) to eat is different for each individual. Get a dietitian to do the work. ;D
This is a growing area of research. The little bacteria in your gut is SO important!
Research has now shown that WHAT
you eat affects the little bacteria world
in your gut. You might need to rethink your zero-calorie artificial sweeteners!
They have been shown to have the potential to alter your gut microbiome [3
]. ANY disruption
to this balance can possibly lead to obesity, diabetes, cancer, inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease and a decreased immune system [4
The quality of food, prebiotics (food for healthy gut bacteria), probiotics (healthy gut bacteria) and antibiotics affect the overall balance of gut bacteria.
Sources of prebiotics: Prebiotics are the fibre foods that cannot be digested. Onions, garlic, asparagus, unripe bananas, artichokes are great sources. These are “eaten” and considered food for your gut bacteria.
Sources of probiotics: Fermented foods like yoghurts, kefir, tempeh, miso, kombucha, saukraut etc. Different brands use different strains of bacteria and the amount it contains varies.
These are beneficial but there is very little research that shows how much pre/probiotics to consume, exactly which strain (is best), the quality and how much of it actually stays in our gut after consumption [5
I don’t think I need to elaborate on this one.
JUST GET UP AND GET MOVING!
Any form of physical activity is better than NOTHING. Pick something that you like and JUST DO IT!
Sleep has become a luxury and stress has now become commonplace in our lives.
How do these affect weight and metabolism?
Stress stimulates the body to release cortisol, which is the hormone involved in CRAVINGS.
“Stress eating” is real.
When you don’t get enough sleep, the hunger hormone kicks in.
Together, they have an influence on food intake
and fat storage
When you focus on QUALITY and pay attention to your natural body cues, you wouldn’t need to be whipping out your calculator and counting everything.
Key points to remember:
-Focus on the SOURCE of calories and not calorie counts
-Eat REAL, MINIMALLY processed, WHOLE, FRESH, NUTRIENT dense foods
–The GOLDEN rule is: If it is packaged, highly processed with ingredients that you can barely pronounce with loud “health claims”, don’t buy it!
-Achieving optimum hormonal balance and metabolic function is KEY