Tag Archives: diabetes

The Keto Diet – Everything You Need to Know

There’s been a lot of hype about the keto diet.  More and more people are going keto to manage their weight and overall health.

If you’re curious or wondering if this diet is for you, read on! I’m here to give you a quick low down on the KETO DIET!


 

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What is it?

The ketogenic diet or keto diet, is a strict low carb high fat diet. The idea is to put the body into a state of ketosis.

Ketosis is a metabolic process where the body uses fat for fuel instead of glucose. This occurs when the body has drained all of its carbohydrate stores – during times of fasting, starvation or when carbohydrate intake is limited. The process involves the breakdown of fats in the liver to produce ketones.

Ketones are an alternative fuel,  which can continue to fuel the brain (the brain can only run on glucose or ketones) and the body.

Essentially, you become an efficient fat burning machine.


The benefits

The nature of this diet is benefitial for people with Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes or insulin resistance [2]. This is because fat does not impact insulin the same way as carbs and proteins [3]. Low carb intake helps with managing blood sugar levels.

Less carbs = Reduced blood sugar and insulin levels751d33ec93eeac18f86f285f892e2314

The keto diet also seems to improve markers associated with other metabolic diseases [4]. Other health related benefits include neurological (Alzheimers, epilepsy, seizures) [5, 6], cancer [7], improves blood lipid profile and reduces inflammatory markers.
In terms of the keto diet for athletic performance, there is limited research. This diet is thought to be suitable for endurance based sports at submaximal effort (such as the marathon or ultramarathon) where high intensity sprints/bursts are not involved [8].
Then again, there are some high performing athletes that can thrive off a keto diet. It all boils down to their unique genetic make up, how well they can tolerate and adapt to the diet.

LOW carb, HIGH fat

There are different degrees of “low carb” within the keto diet.ketogenic-dietBut the standard protocol looks like the image above.

5% of carbs = 15-20g of carbohydrates a day!

1 small banana = 23g of carbs

Carbs are found in foods such as cereal, bread, pasta, rice, noodles, legumes, fruits and some starchy vegetables (beetroot, parsnips, potatoes etc).


What to eat?keto-diet-picture

Vege

  • Non starchy vege (leafy greens, brussel sprouts, broccoli, kale, spinach, rocket, bok choy etc)

Protein

  • Fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, tuna, herring etc)
  • Red meat (grass-fed beef, pork, lamb etc)
  • Turkey, chicken (free range)
  • Omega-3 eggs

Dairy

  • Unprocessed cheeses (mozzarella, cheddar, cream cheese etc)
  • Full fat milk (limited amounts as milk contains the sugar lactose)

Fats and oils

  • Avocado
  • Nuts and seeds (almonds, flaxseeds, macadamias, walnuts etc)
  • Extra virgin olive oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Coconut milk
  • MCT oils
  • Grass-fed butter and cream
  • Grass-fed ghee

What to avoid/eliminate?

  • High sugar foods (Ice cream, cake, fruit juice, soda, sweets, some sauces and condiments, sweet breads, highly processed low-fat/diet products, foods with sugar alcohols etc)
  • Cereal/grain products (breads, pasta, rice, breakfast cereals etc)
  • Highly processed fats and oils (vegetable oil, margarine)
  • Highly processed foods (chips, biscuits, cookies etc)
  • Alcohol
  • Legumes (kidney beans, chickpeas, lentils, red beans etc)
  • Fruit (Most fruits except lower sugar fruits such as berries)
  • Starchy vegetables (potatoes, parsnips, sweet potatoes, peas, carrots etc)

IMPORTANT NOTE:

This is NOT your GREEN LIGHT to load up on highly processed fatty foods and junk food.

It is about moving away from highly processed foods, vegetable oils, foods filled with trans fat and omega-6, and margarine. This practice should apply to EVERYONE, not just for people on a keto diet.


Bottom line:

  • The keto diet is suitable for people with specific conditions
  • It is pretty extreme and it is not for everyone
  • It can be for people who have metabolic diseases
  • Before you get into ANY diet, pls do your research + get help/advice from your doctor and dietitian
  • Thanks to our uniqueness, two people on the exact same diet can have very different results!
  • For any diet to work, you need to make it work for YOU
  • It needs to be sustainable and not get in the way of your life
  • Most importantly, you need to ENJOY eating and FOOD!
  • Find your sweet spot and happy balance!

Let me know if you have any questions!

xoxo

Added Sugars – Everything You NEED to KNOW!

Sugar seems to be the biggest enemy right now, with good reason. The general population is consuming WAY TOO MUCH SUGAR, esp ADDED SUGARS!

Let’s take a closer look.


Natural sugars

Sugars are naturally found in fruits (fructose) and dairy foods (lactose). Lower levels are also found in semi-starchy vegetables such as sweet potatoes, carrots and beetroot.

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Sources of sugar from wholefoods (the ones mentioned above) are more than just sugar. They come packed with nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fibre. When eaten in the right amounts, these foods can reduce inflammation, improve immune function and enhance gut health.

 Added sugars

Added sugars are well, basically sugars that have been added to foods and drinks at any stage during preparation or processing. These can be added on top of the natural sugars that are already present.

Sugars are added to enhance the taste and palatability of foods. If it taste great, people are going to buy it. The food industry has relied on this to increase sales of processed foods – by adding loads of sugar to their products.

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Head down to your nearest supermarket, and randomly pick one packaged processed food item. Look at the ingredients. I can almost (ALMOST!) guarantee that some form of sugar (refer to infographic below – Other sugar names) will be among the top 5 ingredients.

The problem with these foods (besides being high in sugar) is that they have no additional nutrient value. Added sugars in excess can really mess with your hormones and metabolism, leading to an increased risk of chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, heart disease) and tooth decay.

Current recommendation

The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that added sugars should not exceed 10% of your total energy intake, preferably below 5% or about 25g/day. That’s about 6 teaspoons of added sugar over a whole day.

What does that look like?

To put things into perspective, just look at the amount of sugars in the foods below. You can see why we EASILY exceed 6 teaspoons a day!

 Kellogg’s Coco Pops7442f090-bd1d-4498-afba-68a82a736907

30g = 3 tsp

Five:am Apple Crumble Granola780753

45g = 2 tsp

Cokeairbornecokecan2

375ml can = 10 tsp

Common sugar claims

Navigating Sugar Claims

Other sugar names

Other Sugar Names JPG

How to spot hidden sugars

Sugars are usually hidden in processed and packaged foods. The problem with nutrition information labels is that it will give you the TOTAL (natural + added) amount of sugar. ingredient-list-THEIRS

What you can do is to take a look at the ingredients list. These are listed in order of their quantity in foods, starting from the highest to the lowest. If sugar is lined up right in front, it probably has a lot of added sugar!


 I hope this helps!

Don’t be swayed by marketing gimmicks. Let’s get smart about our sugars!

Let me know if you have any questions!

xoxo